Parkeston is a North Sea port town in Essex, England, near Dovercourt and Harwich. It was built in the 1800s on reclaimed land that once was known as Ray Island.Parkeston was named after Charles Parkes of the Great Eastern Railway. Most of the terraced housing in Parkeston was built for railway employees. It is known locally as "Spike island" or "Cinder city". The Quay at Parkeston was built by the GER as a rail depot for exports/imports from the European mainland, and the railway line was re-routed. The original railway embankment, known locally as "the hangings" still exist. Passenger ferry service operating through Harwich International Port (formerly Parkeston Quay) has since been developed.